The PV plant is affected by significant soiling due to city pollution and several warm cells likely due to near shadings. Additionally, isolation and safety issues cannot be excluded due to the presence of backsheet scratches and open J-boxes. It is recommended to (i) increase the cleaning frequency (i.e., modules disregarded), (ii) evaluation of the module J-box attachment, (iii) module string rearrangement based on the level of mechanical damage and (iv) weather station/irradiation sensor installation to better monitor the plant`s KPIs. The estimated production boost expected by the retrofitting actions lies between 10% and 18%.
During the module sample selection, the first modules selected exposed a detached J-box likely due to overtightened DC cables.
The module installation on the East side of the system was performed gluing the clamps to the floor, hampering O&M.
The spacing between modules and ground does not allow for an efficient convection.
Based on on-site measurements, soiling losses represent on average of 7.5%. Although the soiling induces a shading in the bottom cell string, the landscape orientation reduces the impact of the current reduction.
Severe cracks on module level account for approximately 4-6% of nominal power drop on system level. This statement bases on the extrapolation of the results of the inspected samples.
Total Estimated Energy Loss
In order to guarantee module long-term reliability and safety, the module J-boxes shall be assessed. Modules with open or detached J-boxes shall be replaced.
Modules with a large amount of cracks shall be grouped in the same string or at least assigned to one MPPT. The grouping shall be conducted based on an infrared inspection with high irradiation levels and after cleaning activities.